Posteado por: Esperanza Jhoncon | enero 14, 2017

The role of Mao Zedong in China – Quora

This is a good portrait of what Mao Zedong meant to China. All the people of China recognize the transformation of China under the leadership of Mao. He was the “enlightened leader” (together with Zhou En-lai and the hero-men of the “great march”), not on the basis of traditional Chinese civilization-culture, but with his library readings on works by Marx, Lenin, and Stalin. These works (and his own: Red Book) were the instruments to overcome the Japanese occupation and the submission of Kuomindang to Japan. That was the cost China had to pay: to give up its historical origins and replace them with “foreign ideas”; while the West drank from the Chinese ancestral culture (Dao, Yin-yang, 5-element, qigong, and so on).

Like all dictatorships, excesses were committed: millions of dead, the cult of Mao’s personality, the so-called “great cultural revolution”, the slogan of numerous procreation with the argument of the growth of a great army to fight every enemy, among others). But Mao had the “vision” not to have Deng Xiaoping executed. He said: “someday this little man will do something big for China” and Deng was sent to the forced labor camps instead of being shot because of his role as “revisionist”. Mao was not mistaken. Deng undertook the modernization of China through economic reform in 1978.

China now faces the challenge of how to neutralize the political, economic and social polarization; how to neutralize the several hundred annual revolts of poor provinces for better living conditions, and ethnic groups, particularly, Tibetans and Uyghurs, claiming independence; how to meet the demands for political reform that come, especially from Hong Kong and other internal groups that expect access to indiscriminate international information, right of opinion and association, ie civil and political liberties. (In China, only the 80 million members of the Communist Party have a right to vote, which is not 100 percent democratic, because the agreements are made at the level of the Central Committee of the CCP).

Certainly, as Robin says, China has achieved its own development in spite of the obstacles, adversities, blockades and threats of other powers. As a result, China has equalized with other powers, but will not do what the former Soviet Union did during the Cold War: sacrificing its development for world leadership. Peaceful coexistence and nonintervention in internal affairs in other countries are two of the five principles set by China since the time of Zhou En-lai, and they will not change it unless their sovereignty is in danger.

In my opinion, every country can emerge and get out of underdevelopment, if people (their own people) think and fight for the common good, and not for private interests or elite (corruption). A country’s natural resources do not determine its wealth, but the ability of people to achieve unity for a common purpose. There is also another pre-requisite: a country must have “bottomed out” to go further and to see the need to get ahead, and often not “bottom-out” because problems are camouflaged, disguised and self-deception occurs.

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